Some of the key wine growing areas in Australia include;
- Barossa Valley: The
Barossa Valley is north east of Adelaide, South Australia, and
has a hot climate. Penfolds is one of the more famous wineries
in this region. Barossa is renowned for its Rieslings which is
indicative of the Valley's German heritage, and for the reds such
as Shiraz and Cabernets.
- Hunter Valley: The
Hunter Valley is another hot area and is located north of Sydney,
New South Wales. This area is within easy reach of Sydney for
a day trip or you can stay overnight at one of the many bed and
breakfasts. Some of the more notable vineyards include Rosemount,
and Rothbury. A variety of wines are grown in the Hunter Valley,
including Shiraz and Semillon. As well as visiting the larger
vineyards, you will want to check out some of the smaller boutique
- Clare Valley: The
Clare Valley is a cooler growing area located in South Australia,
north of Adelaide. This is an area of four interconnecting valleys,
the Clare, Polish River, Watervale and Skillogallee. The main
wines from the Clare Valley are the whites such as Riesling, Chardonnay
- Coonawarra: Coonawarra
lies to the south east of Adelaide and is more noted for it's
reds such as Shiraz and Cabernet Sauvignon. The area has a cooler
climate and is also noted for is reddish coloured terra rossa
soil. Penfolds grows some its grapes here for some of its Cabernets.
One of the more popular wines from this region includes the Wynns
- Yarra Valley: The
Yarra Valley is located in Victoria, north east of Melbourne.
It has a temperate climate and is noted for making the cooler
climate varietals. The Pinot Noir is popular here and one of the
better wines that we have tried from this area is Coldsteam Hills.
This is just a sampling of the wine growing regions in Australia.
Wines are also grown in Western
Australia in the Swan Valley and Margaret River, the Mornington
Peninsula in Victoria,
McLaren Vale and Padthaway in South Australia and also in Tasmania.
More information is also available for wine growing regions
in South Australia
and New South Wales.
Today, Australia produces many of the best traditional wines
such as Cabernets and Chardonnays and they also have a flair
for being experimental. There are varieties such as the Pinot
Chardonnay which are becoming more popular and an ever increasing
number of un-wooded wines that are fermented in steel vats.
Currently, Australian wines are exported to 77 countries and
sales exceeded $1 billion in 1999 for the first time. There
were 612 million litres produced and 38% was exported to countries
such as the U.K., United States, Germany, New Zealand and Canada.
Exports rose 12% compared with the 1998-99 season. In 1999,
there were more red grape varieties planted than white and record
amounts of grapes were crushed. Of all the grapes grown in Australia,
85% went to wine production. The total area of vines increased
in all states with South Australia, New South Wales and Victoria
leading the way.
The main wines produced are Chardonnays, followed by the Shiraz.
Others include the Pinot Noir, Grenache, Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon,
Semillon, Riesling and the Sauvignon Blanc.